Acne medicine and skin protection. Learn safe ways to banish blackheads, whiteheads, and cystic acne, and get the clear skin you want. Acne may be treated with a combination of remedies including skin care, acne medications, and chemical or laser procedures.
Acne health care medications
Most cases of acne
All cases of acne are not created equal, and neither are all acne treatments. Although all acne has its roots in the same process - hormonal fluctuations that stimulate oil production - not all acne is equally severe and not all cases of acne will respond to the same types of treatments.
Most cases of acne fit within one of three main categories:
Comedonal acne. This is the kind of mild acne that involves blackheads and whiteheads. It forms because a component of skin oil called sebum, along with old skin cells, block the pores of the skin. Comedonal acne appears most often on the forehead, nose, and chin.
Inflammatory acne. This form of acne occurs when the area just under the "plug" (the blackhead or whitehead) becomes reddened and inflamed.
Cystic acne. The most severe form of acne, cystic acne develops as the result of an actual infection in the area of the outbreak. Cystic acne often runs in families. It's often very painful and can result in disfiguring, permanent scarring.
The type of treatment that works for you will depend both on the kind of acne you have, and the additional factors that seem to trigger acne outbreaks.
How to treat acne?
Today, there are many effective acne treatments. This does not mean that every acne treatment works for everyone who has acne. But it does mean that virtually every case of acne can be controlled.
People who have mild acne have a few blemishes. They may have whiteheads, blackheads or papules. Many people can treat mild acne with products that you can buy without a prescription. A product containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid often clears the skin. At-home treatment, once acne clears, you must continue to treat the skin to prevent breakouts.
If you have a lot of acne, cysts, or nodules, a medicine that you can buy without a prescription may not work. The following types of treatment are:
Acne treatment that you apply to the skin: Most acne treatments are applied to the skin. There are many types of acne treatments. Some help kill the bacteria. Others work on reducing the oil. The topical medicine may contain a retinoid, prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide, antibiotic, or even salicylic acid. You will determine what you need.
Acne treatment that works throughout the body: Medicine that works throughout the body may be necessary when you have red, swollen types of acne. This type of treatment is usually necessary to treat acne cysts and nodules. You may need one or more of these: Antibiotics, which helps to kill bacteria and reduce inflammation. Accutane (Isotretinoin) the only treatment that works on all that causes acne. One course of Accutane (Isotretinoin) treatment takes about 4 to 5 months. Sometimes, one course of treatment takes less time or a bit more time. Dermatologists tailor the treatment to each patient.
Waiting for acne to clear on its own can be frustrating. Without treatment, acne can cause permanent scars, low self-esteem, depression, and anxiety. To avoid these possible outcomes, dermatologists recommend that people treat acne. When the skin clears, treatment should continue. Treatment prevents new breakouts.
Skin care and Acne prevention tips
For good skin care, start developing healthy habits that will take care of this valuable asset and protect it from attack, both externally and internally. It's the only skin you'll ever have, so your daily habits mean everything. Here are some basic skin care tips:
Clean and moisturise your skin daily. Wash your face twice daily - once in the morning and once at night before going to bed. After you cleanse your skin, follow with a toner and moisturiser. Moisturising is necessary even for people with oily skin. Buy a moisturiser that is best suited for your skin type.
Block the sun.
Over time, exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun causes many changes in the skin, including wrinkles, discolouration, freckles or age spots, benign growths such as moles, and pre-cancerous or cancerous growths such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. In fact, most skin cancers are related to sun exposure.
Seek professional help for skin problems. Skin is not going to be perfect. It can be dry or oily; it can develop rashes and acne, among many other problems. Tackle the problem with professional advice from a beauty therapist or your local pharmacist.
Eat a balanced diet. Eat a healthy and balanced diet. Avoid fried and greasy foods.
Over the course of your life, you should pay attention to all aspects of your skin. Familiarise yourself with it, so you'll notice any changes that might occur, such as different moles or patches that might indicate skin cancer. If you have a question or concern, make sure you seek medical advice.
Treating acne. Many effective treatments are available.
Sometimes acne isn't restricted to your teenage years. If you're dealing with adult acne, there may be simple things you can change to banish breakouts.
1. Can't touch this: Adult acne can appear anywhere you apply repeated or extended pressure on your skin.
2. Sweat it out: We often touch our faces many times an hour. This can increase during the summer months as we wipe sweat from our faces. Unfortunately, you can't control your bodily functions, but sweat contributes to clogged pores. Instead of wiping sweat with your hands, use wipes.
3. Stress can trigger heightened levels of androgens - hormones which can contribute to adult breakouts. Additionally, stress releases cortisol and other adrenal steroids, which can stimulate the sebaceous glands and result in acne flare-ups.
Also deny the urge to reach for junk food, which may only make your acne worse.
Thanks to advances in medicine, today, virtually every case of acne can be controlled. Many people with mild acne can see clear skin with good skin care and acne products available without a prescription. However, this won't control everyone's acne.